Evaluation of Temperament–based diet education on Quality of Life in patients with GERD

Document Type : Original Quantitative and Qualitative Research Paper


1 Instructor of Nursing, Department of medical-surgical, School of nursing and midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 Associated Professor of Urology, Chief of Traditional Iranian Medicine School, Mashhad University of Medical sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Ms in Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

4 Assistant professor in Medical Department, School of Medical, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

5 Instructor of Nursing, Department of Medical-Surgical, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran


Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is one of the most common chronic disorders of the digestive system. Almost anyone experiences heartburn or reflux (the two main symptoms of the disease) in a situation. Nutritional changes education as the first step of nursing intervention is the easiest, cheapest and the safest treatment approach.
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Temperament–based diet education on Quality of Life in patients with GERD who was admitted to Qaem Hospital in city of Mashhad.
Methods: This clinical trial was a pretest/posttest experimental design with control group. A sample of 60 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, who had admitted to Qaem hospital from 5th March 2013 to 20th June 2013, was divided into two groups by random assignment. After verifying the patient temperament, the intervention consisted of holding nutrition education classes in accordance with temperament for 1.5 hours and accomplishing the diet as possible for two weeks. Research tools were GasroEsophageal Reflux Syndrome Health Related Quality of Life (GERD-HRQL) questionnaire and performing diet checklist. The data was analyzed by SPSS software version 11.5 and by using Independent T test, Paired T test and ANOVA test.
Results: With respect to the higher score of this questionnaire, it was shown to be equal to the lower quality of life situation, comparison of the mean scores difference of quality of life. One-way ANOVA in both groups showed that quality of life scores in education group (8.80 4.22) was significantly lower than the quality of life scores in the control group (14.53 5.98) after an intervention (p<0.0001).
Conclusion: Considering temperament in the diet education by nurses can play an important role in increasing the quality of life in patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.


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