Investigating the effect of Designed Training Program Based on ADDIE Model on Nurses’ Performance Regarding Transfusion of Blood and Blood Products for Child

Document Type : Original Quantitative and Qualitative Research Paper

Authors

1 MSc Student, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Evidence Based Care Research Center, Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Professor: Evidence- Based Caring Research Center, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, & Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

4 Community Health Nursing Department, College of Nursing, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq

5 Assistant Professor, Evidence Based Care Research Center, Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

6 Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Background: Blood transfusion is considered an effective and potentially life-saving treatment, especially for pediatric patients. A child’s blood product transfusion seems risky compared to adults due to a lack of systematic assessments and unaccountability for safe blood transfusions charges.
Aim: To determine the effect of a designed training program based on the ADDIE model on Nurses’ Performance regarding the Transfusion of Blood and Blood products for children.
Method: A quasi-experimental study with RCT design was carried out to identify the effect of a training program designed based on the ADDIE model on the performance of nurses concerning the transfusion of blood and blood products for children. The study carried out in Bint Al-Huda teaching hospital at Al Nasiriya City. The study involves (60) nurses. Data was collected using a demographic data questionnaire and the observational checklist of nurses’ performance regarding transfusion of blood and blood products. At first, nurses’ performance regarding transfusion of blood and blood products to a child was checked. A designed training program based on the ADDIE model was then executed for the intervention group. Next, nurses’ performance was assessed before, during, and after transfusion. Finally, data were analyzed with SPSS 25.
Results: The practice pretest scores are scores of the study and control group nearby equally (M=7.23 versus M=10.83), and for post-test, study group scores are higher (M=36.40 versus M=10.85).
Implications for practice: The designed training program demonstrated promising results due to providing the nursing community with knowledge and best practices about blood transfusion.

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