Journal of Evidence-based Care is published periodically. This journal aims to choose and publish articles submitted more significant advances in connection with the best patient care offer, among qualitative and original quantitative studies, Combinatorial methods, as well as reviews related to nursing, midwifery cares and other health–treatment professions. Then articles that investigate on the meaning, effects, causes, how to investigate, prevention, treatment and monitoring the results of health-related problems will be chosen. We pay close attention to the implementation method of the study and findings application in clinical practice.
Guidelines for Writing a Article
Journal of Evidence-based Care is a research-scientific journal. Articles related to nursing, midwifery, health and treatment cares will be published in this journal. Articles accepted by this journal should be written as one of the following forms:
1- Systematic Review Articles
2- Original Research Articles
3- Qualitative Research Articles
4- Case Report
5- Letter to the editor
1- The journal is written in Persian Language. It must be taken into account that articles Witten in English language from other countries will be accepted.
2- Articles should not previously be published in any domestic publications or simultaneously be sent to other journals. The scientific rank of all writers must accurately be mentioned and all writers are aware of sending the article and its publication. Therefore, it is necessary that writers undertake these obligations by signature of the request of the publication of an article.
3- Authors should send two folders (files) of their article with and without their name and identifications plus the request of the publication via the following electronic address: "http://osub.mums.ac.ir/osub/nilfr/Njmsnm/index.php". Receiving the article by post service (the regular ways) and electronic mail is excused.
4- Proper names and abbreviations used in contexts, tables and so on should be popular and international, and the full name or word has to mention accompanied by its abbreviation written in a bracket.
5- Key words should be classified in alphabetical order, so ʺcommaʺ must use between them. Also, Key words should not repeat the title of an article.
6- Graphs, pictures and tables should be printed with full resolution in separate pages; also a number and a title of tables and graphs are shown in the above and the below respectively. Individuals' Pictures should not be identified.
-Each article is not included more than 4 tables.
-As far as possible, graphs are demonstrated in two-dimensional, unless they should be shown in three-dimensional.
-Graphs are presented after references.
-Pictures should be sent in GPEG or GIF format.
7- Frequently inserting the title of articles in each page (Running page) may not be exceed 40 characters.
8- An article should be forwarded in the following format accompanied by the file name:
Line spacing: 1.5 cm, paper size: A4, margins: 2.5 cm, (Microsoft Word 2007).
Font: Mitra, size: 12 for Persian texts, and font: New Times Roman, size: 12 for Latin texts.
9- The writer is responsible for validity of the contents. The distance between doing a study and sending an article should not take time more than 5 years.
10- All rights considering reject, accept, edit and summarize of an article are reserved by the journal and the article plus its attachments will not be returned.
11- Articles will be accepted if the ethical principles are observed, according to the Treaty of Helsinki - Tokyo on clinical studies in humans, thus its observance must be confirmed by the ethical committee of the center in which the study done. Also, testimonials should be taken by subjects and it should mention clearly in the article.
12-It is authorized to publish the subjects of the journal in the case of referring to the source of evidence-based care journal.
Review article includes controversial, systematic review articles or criticism and analysis of references (sources) about a particular topic or new trends and theories in medical science and it should be a maximum of 3500 words.
The title should includes a maximum of 40 words and it is necessary to show the type of a review, for example, review of literature, quantitative, qualitative or Combinatorial systematic review.
Abstract: it has the significant structure as Original Research Articles and it includes introduction (aims and Fields of Study), methods of review and data references (source), findings and conclusion.
Introduction: it should consist of the field of study, causes to do the study, theoretical or conceptual framework.
Methods of Review: it should include the following parts:
Aims: stating the aim/the aims of the review including the title of the research/questions/hypothesis(s)
Study Design: determining the type of the review (describing the design, methods applied and references (sources)
Search Methods: including search strategies/inclusion and exclusion criteria, databases searched, keywords, shortcomings of articles studied, as well as the date of search.
Quality Assessment: including the description of methods, causes to choose or reject studies, audit criteria.
Data Summarizing: summarizing accepted and rejected studies in the review and in separate tables respectively. In this part, the systematic review is included the description of process(s).
Synthesis: describing the processes and procedures to synthesize results.
Results: Results of the review should be presented by appropriate headlines; also conceptual and theoretical concepts should be described in the context.
Discussion: It is necessary that the discussion is started with the strengths and weakness of evidences, then the theoretical and practical function of the findings are explained in the systematic review.
Conclusion: The conclusion should be presented based on practical function of the findings.
2- Original Research Article
Abstract:Abstract (English or Persian) should be written in separate pages and it includes a maximum of 250 words without references, abbreviations, and the mirror of all concepts and contents of the article and it is as follow:
Introduction: it contains two to three sentences to demonstrate why this study does or to summarize the study.
Aim: it is a clear, measurable or accessible sentence and it should use in all parts of the article without any change.
Method: it includes general information on the type of the study, the population, the sample, materials and methods of data collection as well as the time and the type of intervention.
Findings: they are represented according to the aim with the separation of the study groups, with the results of statistical tests accompanied by results, confidence interval and coefficient.
Conclusion: this part should not replicate the findings. Final findings plus recommendations, findings applications or results in nursing are expressed in this part.
Keywords: it contains a maximum and minimum of 3 and 6 words respectively as per MeSH, Persian and English abstracts should be consistent with each other. Keywords in Persian abstract have to be written in Persian Language and English abstract have to be written in English Language. (Key words should be classified in alphabetical order. Also, they have to emerge as a comma). They do not repeat the title of an article.
Context of the Article
Introduction: this part is provided the scientific literature and the argument for the study and it is necessary that the aim or the main research question is mentioned clearly at the end of the introduction.
Methods: this part should be included the following issues:
The type of study and location, the relevant dates such as sampling periods, exposure, tracking (following), data collection; the population and the sample, the sample size, the sampling method and if so necessary inclusion criteria, conditions for sample selection and its causes, data collection methods, materials description, statistical software and tests to data analysis and their causes.
The Type of the Study:
A) Quasi-experimental, Pre-experimental and Experimental Studies:
The following issues are so essential in methods (part) of these studies:
- Study Design, regarding characteristics of the study groups to use the control group and random or none-random distribution of samples.
- The number of study groups, the sample in each group, the frequency of referring each group, how to determine random distribution (Allocation Random) or matching of samples in groups, the method of the sampling and the random selection of samples; if the method of blinding is used, its method, samples periods and sample analysis periods will significantly be explained.
- How to measure dependent variables in the study groups
- A concise and clear explanation, how to intervene in the study groups with full details so that it is replicable for the reader. Determination of the intervention diversity in experimental and control groups (investigate on the control group).
- The frequency to referring to each group and evaluation of measurements in each group (pretest and posttest).
- Determination of inclusion criteria (conditions for selecting a sample and its causes) and exclusion criteria (if so necessary, conditions for excluding a subject from the study during and after the intervention plus its causes)
- How to measure dependent variables in general
- Referring to approved statistical methods and explaining and giving sufficient information (causes and limitations) on modern statistical methods
- An explanation of ethical points should be observed during the study and its criteria
B) Descriptive Studies
Determining the type of the study, if so necessary the study groups, measured variables and their frequency, identifying cross-sectional or longitudinal study, the period taken to do the study
- Data collection method
A) If a questionnaire is required:
o it is mentioned whether the questionnaire is provided by the researcher or by other scientific sources. If the latter occurs, it is necessary to state the references. If non-Persian questionnaires are used, nativization (Familiarization) and translation procedures should be mentioned.
o the preparation procedure should be described, in the case provided by the researcher.
o the following issues should be explained: a comprehensive description of various parts of a questionnaire, scopes studied, the number and type of questions based on scopes and different parts, a method of answering questions (Likert scale or yes or no questions or …) and a method of giving score (1 to 5 or zero and one or …) as well as a brief explanation of contents.
o the method of the validity should accurately be described.
o it is necessary to explain the reliability of the questionnaire and results provided via statistical tests to achieve the reliability.
o the method of distribution and collection of the questionnaire (via post and electronic services, face to face, …. Individual or group) should completely be explained, also it is described how to follow and refer to subjects for collecting questionnaires and how to attract subjects in order to cooperate and return questionnaires to the researcher.
o the method of analyzing and classifying scores of questionnaires must be provided.
o if the observation is used, the following notes are very significant:
Materials (checklist), various parts and the summary of the contents, a scale for each question and the scoring method, the description of observers' characteristics, how to be taught to be an observer, how to uniform observers as a intra rater and inter rater, the description of a case observed and its features, the duration, the frequency and the setting.
The sampling should be identified if data are collected via documents. Variables, how to retrieve, obtain documents and to disclosure information must be explained.
Data Analysis: It includes a description of software and its version, the type of statistical tests, the type of statistics used in inferential statistics, of tests and their applications to variables analysis. Also unusual tests or special cases used should be explained.
o If a questionnaire is applied, response rate must be mentioned in the beginning of results.
o Demographic characteristics of the study are provided in the beginning of results.
o In descriptive statistics, values of frequency and percentage should be stated.
o The results should not replicate simultaneously in the table and the context.
o If the results are represented via tables, the number of tables should not be more than three ones.
Discussion: It includes the following issues:
o It is necessary while the aims of the study are noted by the writer, key and significant findings are summarized too.
o It is necessary that the writer's reasons about differences and similarities of results related to the current study in comparing with the other reviews to be explained.
o It is avoided to mention new findings which are not stated in the result (part).
o It is necessary that results are interpreted generally and precisely regarding aims, limitations, variety of statistical analysis, similar results and other relevant evidence.
o It is necessary to explain generalization of the results (external validity).
o It is necessary to provide some applied recommendations based on the results of the current study and future studies (further researches).
o It is necessary to represent the final message of the article as the applied result at the end of the article in conclusion (part) and it should be written in one or two paragraphs.
3- Qualitative Research Article
For more information, please refer to the website, "writers' guidelines section".
4- Case report
It should be mentioned to not only the general principles of Original Research articles included a specific title, but also the summary of patient's description (not illness), provided reports (without reviewing the former articles and reports), main points and lessons to be learnt. The scientific and training messages must also be brought to the reader.
5- Letter to Editor
It contains 500 words with regard to articles or subjects of the journal, useful innovations on the education of medical science, valuable experiences or news on medical education in Iran and the world; if articles are criticized, the writer's response should be mentioned in it. The journal is authorized to publish theses letters.
References of Evidence-based Care Journal should be prepared and sent based on Vancouver System and within the framework of End Note Software. All references must be written in English Language even Persian references.
References are numbered consecutively in order of appearance in the text – they are identified by Arabic numerals in parentheses(1)
If there are more than 6 writers, "et. al" should be mentioned after the names of the first six writers. Then the title of the article, the summarized title of the journal (using medline standards), the year of the publication, the volume, the journal number, the first and the last pages, and punctuation are all essential to write in the article.
- Golmakani N, Dormohammadi M, Asili J, Tavassoli F, Afzal Aghaee M, Fata A. Compare the Effect of Zataria Multiflora Vaginal Cream with Metronidazole Oral Pill in the Treatment of Trichomonas Vaginitis. J Mashhad School Nurs Midw 2009; 9(2): 81-8.
B) An organization as an author
- The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing safety and performance guidelines. Med J Aust 2006; 164: 282-4.
C) Authors Team
- Cancer in South Africa [editorial]. S Afr Med J 2006; 84: 15.
D) An article not written in English Language
- Kheirandish Hossein. Hejamat in the view of Islam. 3rd edition, Tehran: Kamalolmolk Co; 2007 (Persian).
A) Editor, compiler as an author
- Norman IJ, Redfem SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 2008.
B) An organization as an author and a publisher
- Institute of Medicine (US). Looking at the future of the Medicaid program. Washington: The Institute; 2007.
C) A chapter of a book
- Philips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and storkestroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd edition. New York: Raven Press; 2005. pp. 465-78.
. Other References
A) Conference Contents
- Kimura J, Shibasaki H, editiors. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology. 2005 Oct. 15-19, Kyoto, Japan. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2006.
B) Conference Statements
- Bengston S, Solheim BG. Enforcement of data protection privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lum KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Reinhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceeding of the 7th World Congress on Medical Information: 2006 Sep 6-10, Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North-Holland 2006, pp. 1561-5.
- Bolanhemmat M. The impact of perineal massage during pregnancy on the perineal lacerations in primiparous women. (Thesis MSc Midwifery), Mashhad School of Nursing and Midwifery; 1379.
D) A article not published yet
- Leshner AI. Molecular mechanisms of cocaine addiction. N Engl J Med. In Press 2007.
- CDI, Clinical dermatology illustrated (monograph on CD-ROM). Reeves JRT, Maibach H. CMEA Multimedia Group, Produces. 2nd ed. Version 2.0 San Diego: CEMA; 2005.
C) Computer File
- Homodynamic ΙΙΙ: The ups and downs of homodynamic (computer program). Version 2.2. Orlando (FL): Computerized Educational Systems; 2006.
. Conflict of Interest: writers are responsible for any financial sources or benefits may cause the results of the research to be bias and they should mention them. Please any business relation such as ownership, shareholding, rending consult or Concession right led to writers' benefits must be stated. If the article is accepted, theses information will be published too.
The process for article assessment
Articles will be studied as per their receiving date. After the structure of the article is considered by the editorial head and read in the meeting of the editorial board, the article will be judged scientifically as a peer review by at least two experts in the relevant field, in the case of the initial acceptance. It is to be noted that statistical analysis will be considered by a statistician. In the case of acceptance, the name and surname of the main writer will be published in an alphabetic order according to the type of the article.