Comparison of the Effects of Chamomile and Calendula Ointments on Diaper Rash

Document Type: Original Quantitative and Qualitative Research Paper

Authors

1 MS in Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Phd candidate in Nursing, Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 Instructor of Nursing, Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

4 Associate professor of Liver and digestive system diseases research center, faculty of medicine, Tabriz Medical Sciences University, Tabriz, Iran

5 Associate Professor of faculty of pharmacology, Tabriz Medical Sciences University, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Background: Diaper Rash is a common skin disorder in the infancy that makes infants and their parents anxious and nervous. Due to the high prevalence of dermatitis and its complications in addition to adverse effects of chemical drugs, herbal therapy is an appropriate solution.
Aim: Comparison of the effects of Chamomile and Calendula ointments on severity of Diaper Rash.
Methods: This double-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted on 90 infants under one year who were hospitalized in Sabalan Hospital of Ardebil. The infants were treated by Chamomile and Calendula ointments for one week. The severity of dermatitis was evaluated on days one, 3 and 7.  In order to assess the severity of dermatitis, the checklist of Diaper Rash five-point scale was used. Data were analyzed by software SPSS version 14 using chi-square, ANOVA, T-Test.
Results: The age in the Chamomile group was (8. 8 ± 2.3) and in Calendula group was (9.0± 2.4) months. The severity of dermatitis in Chamomile group before treatment was 1.6 ± 0.5, on the third day 0.8 ± 0.4, and on the seventh day zero (p<0.001). In Calendula group, before treatment was 1.7 ± 0.4, on the third day 1.1 ± 0.4, and on the seventh day zero (p<0.001). The difference between the two groups was significant in mean severity of dermatitis on the third day, so that was significantly lower in the chamomile group (p <0.03).
Conclusion: The recovery process in Chamomile was faster than the Calendula. Due to lack of side effects, chamomile ointment can be used as an appropriate treatment in treatment of diaper rash.

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