1MSc in Medical-surgical Nursing, Faculty member, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad branch, Isfahan, Iran
2MSc in Medical-surgical Nursing,Graguated from Isfahan university of medical science, Isfahan, Iran
3MSc in Medical-surgical Nursing, Nurse, Department of Sayedo Shohada Hospital, Isfahan, Iran
4Faculty member in Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran
Background: Delay in healing- and increasing use of narcotics and anesthetics are some of the accompanying problems with anxiety before the surgery. Massage Aromatherapy and massage are two of the complementary medicine components to decrease anxiety. Aim: to compare the effects of massage aromatherapy and massage on anxiety level of the patients in the preoperative period. Methods: In this clinical trial, 72 candidates for heart and abdominal surgery who admitted in Ahvaz hospitals in 2008 were randomly allocated into two massage aromatherapy and massagegroups. The Spielberger scale was used to measure the anxiety level. Massage aromatherapy group received twenty minutes of stroking backrub with mix of lavandula and almond oils. Massage group received the backrub only with almond oil . The collected data were analyzed by independent t-testusing SPSS version 13 considering PResults: The average of anxiety level in massage aromatherapy group decreased from 52.89 +9.20to 35.78+9.26 and in the massage from 50.58+9.47 to 39.25+10.42 before to after the intervention. The results of paired t-test showed significant statistical difference between pre and post intervention in each group (p<0/001).The results of independent t-test showed no significant statistical difference between the two groups after the intervention. Conclusion: The findings showed that massage aromatherapy and massage were equal effecting on reduction of anxiety level and they are proposed for reduction of anxiety in preoperative period as a significant clinical intervention.
Mahmoodi B. Introduction to aromatic oils and herbal healing effects of their medical prescriptions drugstore including aromatic. 1st ed. Tehran: Noore Danesh, 2002;50-70[Persian].
Kyle G .Evaluating the Effectiveness of Aromatherapy in Reducing level of Anxiety in Palliative Care Patients : A pilot study .J complementry therap in clin practice. 2006;12(2):148-55.
Soden K.Vincot K, Craske S.A Randomized Trial of Aromatherapy Massage in a Hospice Setting.palliative Med J 2004; 18:89-92.
Buckel J.Aromatherapy is it? Herbal Gram.2003;57:50-6.
Daghighbin E. Comparison of Honey and Lavender Cream on Pain and Wound Healing in Primigravidas Episiotomy. [Thesis], Ahvaz, : School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Junishapur University of Medical Sciences, 2007; [Persian].
Saeki Y.Shiohara M.Physiological Effects of Inhaling Fragrances. Inter J Aromatherapy.2000; 11(3): 118-25.
Masumi J.Misao H.Ushijima H.The Psychological effects of Aromatherapy – Massage in healthy postpartum mothers.J Midw & Womens Health 2006;51(2): 21-7.
Edje J.A Pilot Study Addressing the Effect of Aromatherapy Massage on Mood and Relaxation in Adult Mental Health . complement therap nurs &midw 2003;9(1):90-7.
Spilberger C.state –Trait Anxiety Inventory Consulting Psychologists Press.CA USA 1983.
Abolhasani S. Effect of Sensory Stimulation on Signs of Sleep Deprivation and Heart Inductor in Patient on Intensive Care Unit. [Thesis], Isfahan: School OF Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Med Sciences, 2002; [Persian].
.Soden K.Vincot K, Craske S.A Randomized Trial of Aromatherapy Massage in a Hospice Setting.palliative Med 2004;18:87-92.
Hadifide N.A Study of the Effect that Aromatherapy Massage has on Reducing Anxiety In Patients with Primary Malignant Brain Tumours Who are Attending their first Post Radiotherapy follow-up Appointment . Edinburgh, UK.2001;7(2):1.
Lemon.k. An assessment of treating depression and anxiety with aromatherapy, Inter J Aromatherapy, 2004;14(2):63-9